In vitro regeneration of Passiflora miniata Mast

Paula Pinheiro Carvalho, Camila Aparecida Antoniazzi, Nayara Tayane Silva, Andréia Izabel Mikovski, Ilio Fealho Carvalho, Maurecilne Lemes Silva

Abstract


Passiflora miniata is a wild species native to the Southern Amazon, with ornamental potential due to the beauty of its flowers of intense red coloration. Reports in the literature about the species are still insipid. The aim of the present study was to induce the regeneration of P. miniata by the de novo organogenesis from mature zygotic embryos. The zygotic embryos were isolated and cultivated into the MS medium with the addition of 6-Benzyladenine (BA), Thidiazuron (TDZ) and Kinetin (KIN) growth regulators. The de novo regeneration from the zygotic embryos occurred directly and indirectly. A percentage of 80% of the explants cultivated in the presence of BA had direct organogenesis and 20% by the indirect way, with TDZ 60% were regenerated by the direct and 40% by the indirect way. Regarding the treatments with KIN, 58% of the explants had regeneration by direct and 42% by the indirect organogenesis. The development of shoot primordia initiated with the formation of organogenic structures that later differentiated into multi-shoots. The highest mean number of shoots (40.0 shoots per explants) was obtained on 0.75 mg L-1BA. Conversely, using 0.50 mg L-1 TDZ or KIN, the highest number of shoots were 7.2 and 3.6, respectively.


Keywords


Passiflora miniata, Amazonic Passionfruit, Zygotic embryo, Organogenesis.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v23i1.965

ISSN: 2447-536X

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