Agricultural fertilizers applied as nutrient solution in Cattleya labiata Lindl

Rodrigo Thibes Hoshino, Guilherme Augusto Cito Alves, Renan Ribeiro Barzan, Gustavo Adolfo de Freitas Fregonezi, Ricardo Tadeu de Faria

Abstract


Fertilization through nutrient solution is commonly used in commercial production of potted flowers, being employed soluble NPK formulations. However, most commercial formulations available in the market have high costs and the use of agricultural fertilizers can be an economically viable alternative. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of agricultural fertilizers applied as nutrient solutions, in replacement of commercial formulations, on initial growth of Cattleya labiata. C. labiata seedlings in vitro propagated were grown in a greenhouse with controlled temperature, 27 ± 2° C, and retaining 50% brightness. Polypropylene pots were used with 0.415 L capacity, containing a mixture of pine bark and charcoal (1:1, v:v) as substrate. Altogether were used 4 treatments: without fertilization (control); Peters® - NPK 20 20 20 (3.0 g L -1 ); NPK - urea (1.3 g L -1 ), superphosphate (3.3 g L -1 ) and potassium chloride (1.0 g L -1 ); NK - urea (1.3 g L -1 ) and potassium chloride (1.0 g L -1 ). The nutrient solutions were applied 50 ml per pot every two weeks, according to the treatments. Were evaluated phytometric characteristics, pH and electrical conductivity of the substrate beyond the levels and accumulation of macronutrients. The experimental design was completely randomized with 12 replications, being considered each pot with two plants as an experimental unit. The parameters were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey’s test at 5% probability. Regarding phytometric parameters no significant differences were observed between the treatments that received fertilization, which are superior to the control in height and dry mass of shoots. The more accumulated nutrients were K>Ca>N, in the treatments that received fertilization. The use of urea, superphosphate and potassium chloride, applied in nutrient
solution, have potential to replace the commercial formulations in the initial growth of native orchid Cattleya labiata.


Keywords


Orchidaceae, Floriculture, Fertigation.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v22i2.878

ISSN: 2447-536X

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