Water relations in calla lily flower stems harvested at different opening stages(

Thais Silva Sales, Patrícia Duarte de Oliveira Paiva, Guilherme Mariano Manfredini, Ângela Maria Pereira Nascimento, Maria Leandra Resende Castro

Abstract


Cut flowers are a well established product and require conservation techniques that help keep postharvest quality for marketing. In this context, the objective of this study was to evaluate different opening stages of calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica) cut stems and their influence on posthaverst. Calla lily stems were harvested in the morning, according to the following opening stages: closed spathe, semi-closed spathe (1/3 open), semi-open spathe (2/3 open) and fully open spathe. Once selected and standardized, stems were placed in a controlled room at 21 ± 2 °C and relative humidity of 75 ± 5%, for eight days. The evaluations were conducted daily, observing water pH, commercial quality analysis, width and length of the spathe, fresh weight of stem, water absorption and transpiration. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four treatments (opening stages), five replicates and two stems by plot. The model used was split plot in time, with harvest stages as plots, and evaluation days as subplots. Calla lily harvested at closed spathe and semi-closed spathe (1/3 open), showed spathe opening, although it did not achieve fully spathe expansion, had higher water uptake and hydration of flower stems, and increased water retention capacity by floral tissues until saturation, followed by a period of weight reduction caused by transpiration rates greater than absorption.

Keywords


Zantedeschia aethiopica, harvest stages, commercial quality, water balance.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v21i3.736

ISSN: 2447-536X

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