Sphagnum (velvet) wild harvesting and trade: characteristics, social-economic and environmental implications, and perspectives

Raquel R.B. Negrelle, Suelen Elisabeth Bordignon, Márcia Regina Ferreira, Leonardo Kumagai Sampaio

Abstract


Aiming to contribute to the better understanding of the Sphagnum wild harvesting in Brazil, the results from an ethnobotany survey on a harvesting community at the Guaratuba Mun. (Paraná, State, Southern Brazil) are presented. Specifically, the objective was to characterize the community social-economic aspects as well as its dependence on the studied resource. The production-consumption system or value chain of this harvesting activity was also detailed, including the historic evo­lution of the harvesting and trade process and the evaluation of the perspectives of its social-economic and environmental sustainability. Five species were registered: S. capillifolium (Ehrh.) Hedw., S. cuspidatum Ehrh. ex Hoffm., S. erythrocalyx Hampe, S. perichaetiale Hampe e S. recurvum P. Beauv. All these are native species that grow spontaneously on that region and are intensively harvested by the local community. The social-economic and environmental implications as well as the perspectives of this kind of wild harvesting are discussed.


Keywords


floriculture; peatlands; ornamental plants; non wood forest products; Atlantic Forest.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/rbho.v20i1.477

ISSN: 2447-536X

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