Water relations in cut calla lily flowers maintained under different postharvest solution

Thais Silva Sales, Patrícia Duarte de Oliveira Paiva, Guilherme Mariano Manfredini, Ângela Maria Pereira do Nascimento, Michele Valquiria dos Reis

Abstract


The use of chemicals in storage solutions has proved beneficial for the postharvest conservation of cut flowers. However, the effect of these solutions on the water relations of some species is still unknown. Therefore, the objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the water relations in calla lily flowers harvested at different stages and maintained under postharvest solutions with different chemicals. The flower stems were harvested in two stages of spathe opening: the early stage (cartridge) and the 1/3 flower opening stage. The flower stems were dipped in solutions with water (control), 100 mg L-1 sodium hypochlorite (NaClO), 100 mg L-1 aluminum sulfate [Al2(SO4)3], 200 mg L-1 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-HQ) and 10 mg L-1 silver nitrate (AgNO3). Over 9 days, the floral stems were kept in a room at 21 ± 2 °C and 75% ± 5% relative humidity and evaluated for changes in the pH of the solution and the water absorption, transpiration and commercial quality of the cut flowers. The addition of conservation substances to the storage solution induced spathe opening at both harvest stages and promoted water absorption by the stems, thus increasing the efficiency of flower hydration. The water balance maintenance was best for stems stored in water and storage solutions with Al2(SO4)3.

Keywords


Zantedeschia aethiopica, chemicals, floriculture, vase life

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2447-536X.v27i2.2235

ISSN: 2447-536X

 Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

SBFPO - Sociedade Brasileira de Floricultura e Plantas Ornamentais | Cadastre-se na revista | Página Oficial SEER | Ajuda do sistema