AgNO3 improved micropropagation and stimulate in vitro flowering of rose (Rosa x hybrida) cv. Sena

Ana Victória Conde da Silva de Matos, Bárbara Samantha de Oliveira, Maria Eduarda Barboza Souza de Oliveira, Jean Carlos Cardoso

Abstract


Rose is one of the most important cut flower in the world. Rose micropropagation was used for production of clonal and diseasefree plantlets and to breeding purposes. However, many important rose cultivars showed physiological disorders as early-leaf senescence and very low multiplication rate under in vitro conditions. Our hypothesis is that these symptoms were associated with high sensibility of these cultivars to ethylene accumulation on in vitro environment. The rose cv. Sena was in vitro cultivated under different concentrations of AgNO3 and two light sources, LED and fluorescent lamps, as a way to investigate in vitro similar symptoms to ethylene accumulation. AgNO3 at 1.0-2.0 mg L-1 solved the main in vitro physiological disorders observed in this rose cultivar. Also, AgNO3 stimulated induction of 50% of rose shoots to in vitro flowering at 2.0 mg L-1. Higher concentrations also resulted in flowering induction, but with imperfect flower development.


Keywords


cut rose; micropropagation; physiological disorders; ethylene inhibitor; flower induction

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2447-536X.v27i1.2161

ISSN: 2447-536X

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