Study of natural ventilation in a Gothic multi-tunnel greenhouse designed to produce rose (Rosa spp.) in the high-Andean tropic

Edwin Andres Villagran Munar, Carlos Ricardo Bojaca Aldana

Abstract


In tropical regions the production of ornamentals is developed exclusively in naturally ventilated plastic greenhouses, which sometimes leads to inappropriate microclimates with high temperatures and humidity that limit the productive development of plants. The aim of this work was to study air flows, temperature distribution and relative humidity inside an alternative greenhouse designed to produce rose (Rosa spp.). Three configurations of ventilation, side ventilation (SV), roof ventilation (RC) and combined roof and side ventilation (RSV) were analyzed. The methodological development was based on the use of a previously validated CFD-2D numerical simulation model, which showed an adequate fit between the measured and simulated data, obtaining MAE and RMSE values for temperature and relative humidity of 0.44 and 0.47 °C, 3.99% and 4.04% respectively. The results obtained for the predominant climatic conditions of the study region showed that the highest ventilation rates were obtained for RSV, with values of 0.044 and 0.182 m3 m-2s-1, this ventilation efficiency propitiated the generation of a homogeneous microclimate, with temperature and relative humidity values adequate to produce rose (Rosa spp).


Keywords


Microclimate, ventilation rate, CFD simulation, temperature, relative humidity, finite volumes.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v25i2.2013

ISSN: 2447-536X

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