Cycle duration and quality of gladiolus floral stems in three locations of Southern Brazil

Regina Tomiozzo, Gizelli Moiano de Paula, Nereu Augusto Streck, Lilian Osmari Uhlmann, Camila Coelho Becker, Natalia Teixeira Schwab, Martina Muttoni, Cleber Maus Alberto

Abstract


The objective of this study was to determine the cycle duration in days and the quantitative parameters, i.e. stem length, spike length and stem diameter of gladiolus floral stems as a function of the planting date and locations in the Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil. Field experiments were established between 2014-2015 in three locations (Frederico Westphalen, Itaqui and Santa Maria). The experimental design was a complete randomized block, with six gladiolus cultivars in three distinct planting dates at each location as treatments. The shift from vegetative to reproductive stage, the stem length, spike length and stem diameter were evaluated. Data was statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test. When planted during late July and early August, cultivars of early cycle
(‘Purple Flora’, ‘Rose Friendship’ and ‘White Friendship’) and intermediate cycle (‘Green Star’ and ‘Jester’), produced floral stems of gladiolus in the desired patterns besides as well as having a shorter growth cycle than late cultivars (‘Gold Field’), being recommended for commercial cultivation in Southern Brazil.


Keywords


Gladiolus x grandiflorus Hort., growing local, planting date, stem quality.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v24i4.1237

ISSN: 2447-536X

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