Origin, historical and landscape evolution of the Expedicionários Square, São João Del Rei-MG

Aline Silva Mundim, Patrícia Duarte de Oliveira Paiva, Rafael de Brito Souza, Francilene de Lourdes Bonifácio, Schirley Fátima Nogueira da Silva Cavalcante Alves

Abstract


The squares built in Brazil from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, especially those located along the Royal Road, have characteristic traces and species, and generally had their origin near or as part of a church. The city of São João Del Rei-MG emerged in this region, specifically in the Old Path of the Royal Road [Estrada Real], from gold exploration in the eighteenth century. Thus, this study aimed at the historical and landscape survey of the Expedicionários Square, one of the squares located in the historic center of the city of São João Del Rei-MG. The methodology used consisted of an inventive analysis, associated with a subjective analysis, which allowed the study of the evolution of the area, based on the analysis of morphological changes that occurred in the square by different interventions. The value and uses by the population were also considered, at the different evolution periods of the place. Based on the information collected, modifications both in the structure and in the toponymy of this square were observed. The layout of the square has characteristics of an eclectic style, with irregular stones in its interior and beds with geometric paths, typical of the urbanization of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The plants used consist mainly of ornamental trees and shrubs, without an apparent logical planning. The importance of the square is related to its use and frequency by the population, besides the cultural and historical value of the place, since it houses the Legalidade Fountain, a landmark in the city of São João Del Rei (MG).

Keywords


Historical gardens, Royal Road, toponymy, historical squares.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v23i4.1118

ISSN: 2447-536X

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