Innovation in floriculture with ornamental plants from Caatinga biome

Márkilla Zunete Beckmann-Cavalcante, João Henrique Ferreira Sabino, Mayara Susanne de Melo Barbosa, Daniel Fagner da Silva Dultra, Handerson Leandro da Costa Silva, Sheila Daniella Pereira da Silva, Elisabeth Regina Tempel Stumpf

Abstract


The Caatinga biome which presents a singular vegetation found only in Brazil has a diversity of vegetal species with uses not yet explored. In this sense, the objective was to study two species of the Caatinga biome to be used as cut flowers. The work was developed at the Agricultural Sciences Campus of the Federal University of the São Francisco Valley, Petrolina, PE. Based on previous studies, two endemic species of the Caatinga biome were selected: Neoglaziovia variegata and Senna martiana. The evaluation criteria were based on the length, stiffness and appearance of the stems; form of flower, fruit or leaf; income in floral composition; color or brightness; scent; originality; and real life in water and floral foam. For these characteristics grades were assigned (0, 5 and 10) and after classified for ornamental potential (high, medium, low and minimum ornamental potential). The results showed that the species N. variegata and S. martiana reached 80 and 85 points, respectively, classifying them as high ornamental potentiality. As such, they can be used as cut flower


Keywords


Neoglaziovia variegata, Senna martiana, floral art, floriculture, semiarid.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v23i3.1081

ISSN: 2447-536X

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